Pursuing our goal of collaborating with Edinburgh Living Landscapes and other partners to explore how soundscape data can support community engagement, education and citizen science and increase the value created by urban greenspace, we invited stakeholders and interested parties to an initial CitySounds Co-Design workshop on 9th January 2018.
We were excited to see interest from across a wide range of disciplines and organisations, with participation from Scottish Wildlife Trust, The University of Edinburgh, City of Edinburgh Council Biodiversity team, Friends of the Meadows and Bruntsfield Links (FOMBL), the Bat Conservation Trust, Greening Our Streets and New Media Scotland.
It was a great event, full of ideas and enthusiasm. Here, we briefly mention the main topics of discussion.
Exploring and understanding the data that will be captured
- The six audio monitoring devices will each record 10-second samples in rotation, focusing on biodiversity in the Meadows. The devices will operate 24/7.
- We are hoping that these will pick up birds, bats (which cannot be heard by the human ear), rain, traffic noise, etc. It will be interesting to see how many anthropogenetic sounds occur in the ultrasonic range.
- We should be able to detect bird sounds within a 50–100m range and bats within a 30m range. (Interesting fact: Bats are loud! Their signals are typically over 100 decibels)
- We are in the process of installing a WiFi access point on the 6th floor of the University Main Library, facing the Meadows.
- Data will be directly transferred via WiFi to a server—so no data will be kept on the devices themselves.
- It was pointed out that it will be important to make it as easy as possible for small biodiversity organisations to access the collected audio data, since often these have little or no resources for dealing with technical intricacies.
Community engagement actions in the project: who are we targeting and what do we want to achieve?
We are planning to organise at least three community engagement events during the course of the project:
- First data literacy workshop (open to stakeholders)
- Second data literacy workshop (open to interested groups and the public)
- A final sonic art exhibition open to the public.
We spent the last section of the workshop discussing various ideas for these events.
The two data literacy workshops
These workshops will be an opportunity to communicate with the public about acoustic data and to engage their interest in data, IoT and urban greenspaces. We discussed:
- What are we trying to achieve in the workshops?
- What issues should the workshops address?
- How can these apply in general to biodiversity monitoring?
- How can they apply to the green network across the city that Edinburgh Living Landscapes is creating?
- What is the target audience for the workshops? People already involved in biodiversity activities?
Measuring impact of biodiversity initiatives in the city
How can Edinburgh Living Landscape, FOMBL, the CEC Biodiversity team, and other interested partners use acoustic data to create evidence and evaluate the impact of their work? We are hoping to continue the monitoring after March 2018 (i.e., beyond the period of funding from OrganiCity) — having 12 months of data or more would be valuable to us and to our partners.
- FOMBL/Greening Our Street:
- Can the monitoring help identify ‘green tunnels’ through the city? This would be really valuable information for shaping future biodiversity initiatives.
- City of Edinburgh Council:
- Because it is time-consuming and expensive to collect biodiversity data, much of the information about sites across the city is out of date. It would be very useful if IoT technology could be used to get much more timely biodiversity data. Amongst other things, this would give evidence to support continued protection of those greenspaces.
The Sonic Art Exhibition
We revisited plans for the end-of-project exhibition and event and considered whether to adapt or expand it. This event is intended to be both a response to the audio assets collected by project and simultaneously a way of engaging with the public. Martin Parker explained his original conception, where six speakers would each be controlled by a location-aware app on a phone, determining what, how and when sound comes out of the speaker. In addition, the speakers would be movable, and members of the audience could arrange and re-organise the soundscape within the physical exhibition space.
Ideas that we discussed included:
- How can we build a biodiversity storytelling aspect to the sounds? Should we, for example, include information about bats as an accompaniment to the audio?
- How will we represent ultrasonic sounds to the public?
- Can we capture different times of day on speakers, so that people can hear sounds associated with the night, the morning etc.
- Should we associate sounds from different parts of the Meadows with different parts of the room?
We are still working out the best processes and activities for our two data literacy workshops and the final sonic art exhibition, so watch out for further blog posts!